Acne (or pimples), a common skin condition that typically develops during adolescence, is linked to higher levels of androgens in the body, which can lead to increased production of sebum in the sebaceous glands. When the turnover of skin cells is disrupted, the skin's surface pores may become obstructed, resulting in the formation of a comedone. As sebum production rises, acne-causing bacteria can proliferate (colonize), and inflammatory processes can begin, with the release of inflammatory mediators.
Acne can manifest in various forms, including microcomedones, open or closed comedones, inflammatory papules/pustules, or nodules/cysts. Acne can cause physical and emotional discomfort for some individuals, and after it heals, it may leave scars or red marks known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).
Treatment for acne-prone skin varies depending on the severity of the condition and may involve the use of both external cosmetic products and internal medications that suppress inflammation, reduce sebum production, and aid in preventing infections. People with problematic or acne-prone skin are often advised to follow specific skincare routines.
- To maintain healthy skin, it is essential to adhere to a suitable skincare regime. Regular and gentle cleansing can help remove excess sebum and impurities.
- Use products that are suitable to your skin type. For problematic skin, seek cosmetic products with active ingredients such as salicylic acid, AHA and PHA acids, and retinoids, which can help clear acne and prevent new breakouts.
- Regular skin exfoliation is also crucial to remove the top layer of dead skin cells.
- Restoration of the skin's protective barrier, especially for acne-damaged skin. Therefore, it is essential to use products that replenish the skin's hydrolipidic layer.
- In severe cases, consulting a specialist is necessary, as they can prescribe antibiotics or hormonal drugs to address acne-damaged skin. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and reducing stress levels, is also vital in preventing skin problems.
For individuals with problematic skin, it is crucial to develop and adhere to healthy skincare habits and adopt a healthier lifestyle. This may involve following a balanced diet and reducing stress levels to maintain healthy skin.